The Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018, section 10113 of the 2018 Farm Bill removed hemp and hemp seeds from the DEA’s schedule of Controlled Substances. Products that contain THC levels less than 0.3% are now legal. This means that the DEA can’t require hemp seed permits to import the products.
The USDA regulates importation of all seeds for planting. Responding to farmer’s requests, the USDA is providing a way to safely import hemp seeds to the U.S.
The biggest trading partner for hemp will be Canada, who has been growing hemp for decades. Farmers can import seeds from Canada if the seeds have a phytosanitary certification. This is to be sure of where the seeds came from and that they don’t contain any pests. They can also get a Federal Seed Analysis Certificate (SAC, PPQ Form 925) for seeds from Canada.
If the importer can also import the seeds if they have “a phytosanitary certificate from the exporting country’s national plant protection organization to verify the origin of the seed and confirm that no plant pests are detected.”
Shipments will be inspected by border patrol to be sure that all these regulations are met. The biggest concern is the spread of pests, which can devastate crops if they make it onto foreign soil.