The innovation of a new genetic-editing tech enables marijuana firms to make unique, cost–effective changes to hemp and marijuana plants- such as increased infection resistance- without developing a genetically altered organism.
The technology, dubbed as Crispr-Cas9, will enable the marijuana sector to set up new and improved crops that guarantee to induce efficiencies and hardiness into cultivation; thus, boosting returns.
Created by Jennifer A. Doudna and Emmanuella Charpentier, the gene-editing tech transforms genetic engineering in various sectors, including agriculture and medicine.
Last year, they got a chemistry Nobel Prize for their efforts.
In the instance of marijuana, Crispr-Cas9 genetic-editing technology can offer new examinable species within weeks- unlike former, more manual approaches.
Some prospective amendments to the marijuana genome include;
Climate tolerance: changes in climate will change how marijuana is cultivated in the coming years. Crops that can handle a broader range of temperature and sunlight will be on-demand.
Disease resistance: wide-scope agriculture is prone to certain diseases and pests. The approach should provide a way to instantly develop resistant crops.
More trichomes; research experts are attempting to boost trichome density on the crops as a strategy of boosting cannabinoid and terpene production.
Biomass Improvements; the capacity to develop certain improvements and characteristics to CBD and non-THC producing biomass of crops can assist in boosting cultivator proceeds through minimizing crop waste.
The new gene-editing technology creates a unique DNA but does not develop a GMO (genetically modified organism) since it doesn’t introduce disparate DNA to the hemp and marijuana plant. The procedure entails removing a DNA component and an RNA guide piece is formed and attached to the Cas9 enzyme. These two aspects create the Crispr tool.
The tool identifies DNA’s targeted section and the enzyme carves out that component like a scissor would. This procedure introduces a new genetic component and attaches to the removed segment.