The law, published in September, gives the country’s Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock oversight over the farming, production, and commercialization of cannabis. It also gives oversight to the Ministry of Health over licensing for academic research.
According to the new regulations, licensing will be granted for cannabis farming, production of medicinal and therapeutic applications, cosmetics, and food and industrial applications.
The country’s Ministry of Health has been tasked with framing a certification program to oversee the domestic production of cannabis for medicinal and therapeutic purposes. The program will take into consideration patients’ health backgrounds and needs in line with the Ministry’s directives.
In addition, individuals are allowed under the Costa Rican law to cultivate cannabis purely for personal consumption as its sale is not yet legalized and is punishable by law.
While individual selling of cannabis remains illegal in Costa Rica, the government recognizes the sector’s potential benefits on a large-scale industrial level considering the products are made for medical and therapeutic use. The cannabis industry is expected to boost the country’s economy by commercialization as well as supporting the agricultural sector, which employs 14% of the country’s working population.
At the moment, Marijuana is mainly cultivated in Talamanca, Limón. But farming hemp is expected to meet its set of challenges due to Costa Rica’s tropical climate. However, Costa Rica still enjoys a more favorable environmental and climatic condition than many countries currently producing hemp and other cannabis products.